CECED Magyarország Egyesülés

How to purchase household equipment?

This question can no longer be satisfactorily answered by simply reading the price tag. Large household appliances – refrigerators, washing machines, dryers and dishwashers – are purchased for the long term, so it is indispensable to check their energy consumption and find out what effect a new machine will have on your electricity bill.

Electricity is expensive...

Household appliances use the most expensive energy: electric current. These appliances increase the annual electricity expenses of an average household as follows:


Electricity consumed by householde equipment (kWh/year)
Equipment/function No. of persons in the household
1 2 3 4
Refrigerator 300 320 340 360
Freezer 310 360 420 440
Washing machine
100 150 250 290
Dishwasher 110 210 250 350
Dryer 150 250 350 460
Electric stove 210 400 450 600
Hot water supply (excl. dishwasher)
250 300 350 450
Television 130 160 200 230
Lighting 200 300 350 450

 How to reduce these costs?

First of all, you should purchase energy efficient equipment. When buying new equipment or replacing an old device, choose an energy efficient device with lower consumption. Modern electrical household devices, for example, the latest electric stoves, refrigerators and washing machines, may consume 20-50% less electricity than old ones.

Which equipment is energy efficient? What does the energy label say?

To find out the energy efficiency of an appliance, check the energy label and read the manual. (Before buying an expensive device, you should consult a specialist, an energy expert.)

Energy labels classify the energy efficiency of devices from A to G (A is the best).
Refrigerators and freezers are responsible for almost one-third of the energy consumed by a household. Compared to a class A refrigerator of the same capacity and design, a class C device consumes 65% and a class B device consumes 30% more energy on average. The majority of families in Hungary use equipment belonging to class B or C, or even worse.
As in all countries within the EU, the compulsory use of an energy label on refrigerators and washing machines to be marketed was introduced in Hungary in 1999 and 2000, respectively. Buying such equipment is a long-term investment, so it is important to find out whether the extra money paid for a more expensive device will ever be recovered and, if so, when. In the long run, an expensive energy efficient refrigerator may well cost less than a similar but cheaper one that consumes more energy.
In case of washing machines and dryers, the energy label provides information about energy consumption. Compared to a class A device, a class B device will consume 23% more and a class C device will consume 47% more energy. Energy efficiency is calculated on the basis of the volume of electricity the device consumes when washing a 1 kg load using the 60oC cotton washing program.


Also, the energy label indicates the washing performance of washing machines, that is, its efficiency in removing dirt.
In addition to washing performance and energy efficiency, the energy label shows the water consumption of the equipment. Some products use 70-80 liters of water, while others need less than 50 liters to perfectly clean 5 kg of dirty clothes. This means that 50 thousand liters of water, enough to fill a swimming pool, could be saved over 10 years.


Optimum capacity

Choose a device with a capacity suitable for your needs. Large devices consume more energy and are more expensive to maintain. Before making your choice, think about your family’s lifestyle, calculate your needs, and you may wish to consult an energy expert before buying the new device.

Remember: the price of electricity is several times higher than that of other energy sources. Each kWh energy wasted comes out of your pocket.

Remember that consuming less energy not only saves you money but helps protect our environment.

If you find these hints useful, please pass them on to others.